Prohibiting Plunder

Prohibiting Plunder

For much of history, the rules of war decreed that "to the victor go the spoils." The winners in warfare routinely seized for themselves the artistic and cultural treasures of the defeated; plunder constituted a marker of triumph. By the twentieth century, international norms declared the opposite, that cultural monuments should be shielded from destruction or seizure. Prohibiting Plunder traces and explains the emergence of international rules against wartime looting of cultural treasures, and explores how anti-plunder norms have developed over the past 200 years. The book covers highly topical events including the looting of thousands of antiquities from the Iraqi National Museum in Baghdad, and the return of "Holocaust Art" by prominent museums, including the highly publicized return of five Klimt paintings from the Austrian Gallery to a Holocaust survivor. The historical narrative includes first-hand reports, official documents, and archival records. Equally important, the book uncovers the debates and negotiations that produced increasingly clear and well-defined anti-plunder norms. The historical accounts in Prohibiting Plunder serve as confirming examples of an important dynamic of international norm change. Rules evolve in cycles; in each cycle, specific actions trigger arguments about the meaning and application of rules, and those arguments in turn modify the rules. International norms evolve through a succession of such cycles, each one drawing on previous developments and each one reshaping the normative context for subsequent actions and disputes. Prohibiting Plunder shows how historical episodes interlinked to produce modern, treaty-based rules against wartime plunder of cultural treasures.

Publisher Oxford University Press
Release Date
ISBN 0199725470
Pages 352 pages
Rating 4/5 (72 users)

More Books:

Prohibiting Plunder
Language: en
Pages: 352
Authors: Wayne Sandholtz
Categories: Art
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007-12-31 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

For much of history, the rules of war decreed that "to the victor go the spoils." The winners in warfare routinely seized for themselves the artistic and cultur
The Evolution of War
Language: en
Pages: 420
Authors: Maurice R. Davie
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003-12-29 - Publisher: Courier Corporation

Thorough, highly informative and exhaustive study presents an exceptional collection of cases examining such topics as warfare as the business of one sex, relig
Japanese and U.S. World War II Plunder and Intrigue
Language: en
Authors: Rodney Stich
Categories: United States
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010 - Publisher: Silverpeak Enterprises

Manual of Political Ethics
Language: en
Authors: Francis Lieber
Categories: Political ethics
Type: BOOK - Published: 1839 - Publisher:

Wars of Plunder
Language: en
Pages: 363
Authors: Philippe Le Billon
Categories: Conflict management
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013 - Publisher:

From Angola to Iraq, wars have taken place in resource rich countries full of poor people. 'Wars of Plunder' explores the interplay of natural resources and arm
The International Handbook of Political Ecology
Language: en
Pages: 704
Authors: Raymond L Bryant
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-08-28 - Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

The International Handbook of Political Ecology features chapters by leading scholars from around the world in a unique collection exploring the multi-disciplin
A History of the Laws of War: Volume 2
Language: en
Pages: 324
Authors: Alexander Gillespie
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2011-10-07 - Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

This unique new work of reference traces the origins of the modern laws of warfare from the earliest times to the present day. Relying on written records from a
Writing and Reading War
Language: en
Pages: 265
Authors: Brad E. Kelle
Categories: Religion
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008 - Publisher: Brill Academic Pub

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (
Rome, Empire of Plunder
Language: en
Authors: Matthew P. Loar
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-10-19 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Bringing together philologists, historians, and archaeologists, Rome, Empire of Plunder bridges disciplinary divides in pursuit of an interdisciplinary understa
Pioneers, Plunderers, and Patroits
Language: en
Type: BOOK - Published: - Publisher: Henry Shaw